Carmen Balcells, Spanish literary agent, died at 85

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45345er543Carmen Balcells Segala, born on August 9, 1930 and died September 20, 2015, he was a literary agent of Spanish-language authors from Spain and Latin America, including six Nobel Prize–winning authors.

She led her agency from 1956 to 2000, during which time she was one of the driving forces behind the 1960s boom of Latin American literature.

After her retirement she was awarded with an honorary doctorate, besides other awards, but returned to the agency in 2008.

Authors who have published with Carmen have dedicated novels to her and included her as characters in her work; she is praised as “one of the most powerful and influential women in Spanish letters.”

She died at the age of 85 in Barcelona on September 20, 2015. At her death Mario Vargas Llosa said: “Carmen queridísima, hasta pronto” (“Carmen dearest, see you soon”).

In 1955 the Spanish poet Jaume Ferran put her in contact with leading writers of the 1950s, such as the Ferrater brothers, Jaime Gil de Biedma, Carlos Barral, Juan Goytisolo, and Josep Maria Castellet.

She then began working as a correspondent in Barcelona and doing part-time work at the ACER literary agency, owned by the Romanian writer Vintilă Horia.

Later Horia moved to Paris, which led her to found the Carmen Balcells Literary Agency in 1956.

The agency started with the management of translation rights to foreign authors. Later, the first local author she represented was Luis Goytisolo.

This was followed by a long list of prominent authors such as Pablo Neruda, Gabriel García Márquez, Mario Vargas Llosa, Julio Cortazar, Miguel Delibes, Alvaro Mutis, Camilo José Cela, Vicente Aleixandre, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Jose Luis Sampedro, Terenci Moix, Juan Carlos Onetti, Jaime Gil de Biedma, Carlos Barral, Josep Maria Castellet, Juan Goytisolo, Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Juan Marsé, Eduardo Mendoza, Isabel Allende, Rosa Montero, Gustavo Martin Garzo.

Some authors, such as García Márquez, Marsé, Onetti, Tosar and Dourado, have dedicated novels to her; others, such as Max Aub, Vázquez Montalbán, Donoso and Barral have included her as a character in their work.

Carmen considers her great accomplishment to be revising the contracts between authors and publishers to be more fair to authors.

She established time limits on contracts and reserved the rights of translations for the authors.

One day, by phone, García Márquez asked, “Do you love me, Carmen?” She replied, “I can not answer, you are one third of my revenue.”

With almost forty years of work under her belt, Carmen announced in May 2000 that she was retiring as a literary agent.

She had received the Gold Medal of Fine Arts and was invested with an honorary doctorate from the Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Her literary agency became headed by Gloria Gutierrez. However, in 2008 she returned again to take charge of the agency since it lost important writers such as Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Roberto Bolaño, who left to be with the agency of Andrew Wylie, known in the publishing industry as “el Chacal”; also the loss of authors such as Luisge Martin and Daniel Vázquez Salles.

In 2010 the Spanish Ministry of Culture bought approximately fifty years of her personal archives for three million euros.

In May 2014 Carmen announces she will join with Andrew Wylie to become the Balcells-Wylie agency.

She died at age 85 on September 20, 2015.

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