Karol Modzelewski, Polish historian, writer, politician and academic, Died at 81

Karol Cyryl Modzelewski was born on November 23, 1937, in Moscow and died on April 27, 2019.

He was a Polish historian, writer, politician and academic.

Zygmunt Modzelewski adopted him as a son.

He served as a professor at the University of Wrocław and the University of Warsaw.

Modzelewski was a member of the Polish United Workers Party but was expelled from it in 1964 for opposition to some policies of the party.

Jacek Kuroń and himself was the co-writer of the Open Letter to the Party, for which he was imprisoned for three years.

Modzelewski participated in the Polish 1968 political crisis, for that, he was again imprisoned for three and a half years.

Modzelewski came up with the name of ‘Solidarity’, during the 1980 strikes.

Modzelewski was one of the Solidarity press contacts and a member of the Solidarity region in Silesia.

was interned with many others during the martial law in Poland.

He served as a member of the Polish Senat (Solidarity Citizens’ committee from 1989 to 1991), supporting the left-wing, particularly the Labour Union party and later Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz.

He was given Poland’s highest distinction Order of White Eagle and many other awards for his work.

Modzelewski passed away at 81 years old.