Xia Suisheng was born on April 19, 1924, and died on April 16, 2019; he was a Chinese surgeon and pioneer in organ transplantation.
Suisheng was born in April 1924 in Yuyao, Zhejiang, China. He attended high school in Shanghai and studied at Tongji Medical College, which moved from Shanghai to Wuhan in the early 1950s.
After graduation, Suisheng became a surgeon at Tongji Hospital in Wuhan.
In 1963, American surgeon Thomas Starzl performed the world’s first human liver transplantation, but the core techniques were, not disclosed. In 1972, Suisheng began experimenting with liver transplantation on dogs.
Suisheng and his colleagues spent five years performing 130 dog liver transplants.
On 30 December 1977, Suisheng performed a successful human liver transplant on a woman with late-stage liver cancer.
Soon after, Mr Suisheng performed a liver transplant on a male patient, who survived for a record 264 days.
Suisheng later researches transplantation of other organs. He successfully performed China’s first pancreas transplantation in 1984, China’s first spleen transplantation in 1989, and Asia’s first successful multiple abdominal organ transplantation in 1995.
Mr Suisheng established China’s first organ transplant research institute at Tongji Hospital.
He educated 44 doctoral students, 24 master’s student, and postdoctoral researcher.
Xia Suisheng passed away on 16 April 2019, three days before his 95th birthday.
He donated his corneas as well as 1 million yuan to Tongji Hospital for medical research.